The most frequent cause of whiplash is a car accident. The speed of the cars involved in the accident or the amount of physical damage to the car may not relate to the intensity of neck injury; speeds as low as 5 miles per hour can produce enough energy to cause whiplash in occupants, whether or not they wear seat belts.
Whiplash – a soft tissue injury to the neck-is also called neck sprain or neck strain. It is characterized by a collection of symptoms that occur following damage to the neck, usually because of sudden snapping back and forth (rapid flexion and extension) of the head and neck. The disorder commonly includes injury to intervertebral joints, discs, and ligaments, cervical muscles, and nerve roots.
Symptoms such as neck pain may be present directly after the injury or may be delayed for several days or weeks. In addition to neck pain, other symptoms may include neck stiffness, injuries to the muscles and ligaments (myofascial injuries), headache, dizziness, abnormal sensations such as burning or prickling (paresthesias), or shoulder or back pain. Some people may also experience cognitive, somatic, or psychological conditions such as memory loss, concentration impairment, nervousness/irritability, sleep disturbances, fatigue, or depression.
Unfortunately, most people who have been in motor vehicle accidents do not receive Chiropractic treatment.